Research: No Correlation Between Undocumented Immigrants and Crime
The New York Times reports the Pew Research Center has released estimates of undocumented populations sorted by metro area to analyze how unauthorized immigration has affected crime rates since 2007. Because there is no exact count of unauthorized immigrants living in the United States, Pew researchers compared Department of Homeland Security numbers of immigrants with legal status to Census numbers estimating that in 2016 there were an estimated 10.7 million undocumented immigrants nationwide.
Correlation Between Undocumented Immigrants and Crime
feature image courtesy of The Marshall Project
Using the Pew analysis, a new study by the Marshall Project concluded, “growth in illegal immigration does not lead to higher local crime rates.”
Illegal immigration itself is a crime. When not including the crime of being an undocumented immigrant, the study showed the following results:
• Areas with more unauthorized migration appeared to have larger drops in crime
• Crime went down at similar rates regardless of whether the undocumented population rose or fell
• Property crime was either unaffected or fell slightly with rising numbers of undocumented immigrants
• Dividing violent and property crime into their components of aggravated assault, robbery, murder, burglary and larceny again fails to show a strong connection to changing undocumented populations
Public Perception of Illegal Immigrants and Crime
President Trump frequently cites a relationship between crime and the costs associated with illegal immigration and the need to crack down on illegal immigration and build the Mexico border wall; while many Democrats say he overstates the problem and the statistics.
While the Pew study said 50% of Americans believe that undocumented immigrants lead to an increase in crime, Robert Adelman, an associate professor at the State University of New York (SUNY) at Buffalo said, “They bring a social and economic vitality to metro areas that benefit those areas.” Sociologists believe that undocumented immigrants’ goal to get employment and avoid deportation makes them less likely to engage in criminal behavior.
Chicago immigration attorney Mario Godoy says misinformation about Illinois immigrants leads to fear and mistrust:
“The Marshall Project shows that crime the crime rate in Chicago metro area stayed the same with the number of unauthorized immigrants living here fell. Changing public perception about immigration takes time, I’m glad to see that a respected, non-partisan research institute is clearly stating there is no link between undocumented immigration and the crime rate – if anything, the crime rate may lower in areas with higher rates of undocumenteds.”
The attorneys at Godoy Law Office are passionate about assisting immigrant and refugee families to achieve the American Dream. If you need help with an immigration issue, please contact our office at 312-635-4029.