The new data from the 2020 census is in, and it will influence how $1.5 trillion in federal spending is distributed to each state for the next 10 years. The United States Census Bureau released the data on August 12 rather than in March of this year due to delays caused by the pandemic. Nationwide, 2020 census data shows increased diversity particularly among young Americans:
• More than two-fifths of Americans identify as people of color.
• Over half of the nation’s youth are people of color.
The Illinois 2020 census data shows:
• Illinois’ population is 12.8 million, 18,000 less than 10 years ago, and a 0.14% decrease.
• Illinois was one of three states to decrease in overall population and is one of seven states that will lose one of its congressional seats.
• Chicago’s population grew to 2.7 million people, an increase of 50,000, or 1.9%, compared to 2010 when the city had a 6.9% decrease over the previous census.
• Chicago’s six-county suburbs grew to 8,445,866 people — a 1.6% increase over a decade ago, but the slowest growth rate since 1950.
• In 2020, Chicago has a population that is 31% white, 30% Latino, 29% Black and 7% Asian, compared to 2010 when the population was 33% Black, 32% white, 28% Latino and 5% Asian.
• Chicago’s Black population decreased by 10% to 84,738. There are 787,551 Black Chicagoans now, a decrease from over 1 million 20 years ago.
• Chicago’s Latino population grew by 5%, and Latinos now outnumber Blacks.
The 2020 census data determine:
• how much money Illinois gets in $800 billion of federal funds and grants
• how many seats Illinois gets in the U.S. House of Representatives
• public and private business investments in Illinois of $4 trillion annually
Featured image courtesy of the Chicago Tribune
The courts blocked former President Trump’s strategy to exclude some immigrants from the 2020 Census. On July 21, 2020, Trump signed a memorandum to exclude Census counts of undocumented immigrants from being included in congressional district census reapportionment, saying including undocumented immigrants “would create perverse incentives and undermine our system of government.”
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